Female and male patients above 18 years of age with a biopsy-verified IgA nephropathy and where the biopsy was performed within the prior three years.
Patients must weigh at least 35 kg to participate in the study, and must have a body mass index (BMI) within the range of 15 - 38 kg/m2. BMI = Body weight (kg) / [Height (m)]2
Measured Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) or estimated GFR (using the CKD-EPI formula) ≥30 mL/min per 1.73 m2
Urine protein ≥1 g/24hr at screening and ≥0.75 g / 24h after the run- in period
Vaccination against Neisseria meningitidis types A, C, Y and W-135 is required at least 30 days prior to first dosing with LNP023. Vaccination against N. meningitidis type B, S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae should be conducted if available and acceptable by local regulations, at least 30 days prior to first dosing with LNP023
All patients must have been on supportive care including a maximally tolerated dose of ACEi or ARB therapy for the individual, antihypertensive therapy or diuretics for at least 90 days before dosing
Presence of crescent formation in ≥50% of glomeruli assessed on renal biopsy
Patients previously treated with immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or cyclosporine, systemic corticosteroids exposure within 90 days prior to start of LNP023/Placebo dosing
Use of other investigational drugs at the time of enrollment, or within 5 half-lives of enrollment, or within 30 days, whichever is longer; or longer if required by local regulations
All transplanted patients (any organ, including bone marrow)
History of immunodeficiency diseases, or a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result.
Chronic infection with Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C (HCV). A positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) test, or if standard local practice, a positive HBV core antigen test, excludes a patient. Patients with a positive HCV antibody test should have HCV RNA levels measured. Subjects with positive (detectable) HCV RNA should be excluded
Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs, or which may jeopardize the subject in case of participation in the study. The Investigator should make this determination in consideration of the subject's medical history and/or clinical or laboratory evidence of any of the following:
A history of invasive infections caused by encapsulated organisms, e.g. meningococcus or pneumococcus
Inflammatory bowel disease, peptic ulcers, severe gastrointestinal disorder including rectal bleeding;
Major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection;
Pancreatic injury or pancreatitis;
Liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver function tests. ALT (SGPT), AST (SGOT), GGT, alkaline phosphatase and serum bilirubin will be tested.
Any single parameter of ALT, AST, GGT, alkaline phosphatase or serum bilirubin must not exceed 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
PT/INR must be within the reference range of normal individuals
Evidence of urinary obstruction or difficulty in voiding any urinary tract disorder other than IgNA that is associated with hematuria at screening and before dosing; [If necessary, laboratory testing may be repeated on one occasion (as soon as possible) prior to randomization, to rule out any laboratory error]
Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
A history of clinically significant ECG abnormalities, or any of the following ECG abnormalities at screening or baseline:
PR > 200 msec
QRS complex > 120 msec
QTcF > 450 msec (males)
QTcF > 460 msec (females)
History of familial long QT syndrome or known family history of Torsades de Pointes
Use of agents known to prolong the QT interval unless they can be permanently discontinued for the duration of the study
History of severe allergic reactions as per Investigator decision
Plasma donation (> 200mL) within 30 days prior to first dosing.
Donation or loss of 400 mL or more of blood within eight (8) weeks prior to initial dosing, or longer if required by local regulation
Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 1 week after stopping of investigational drug. Highly effective contraception methods include:
Total abstinence from heterosexual intercourse (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject). Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking investigational drug. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female subjects on the study the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject.
Use of oral (estrogen and progesterone), injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking investigational drug.
If local regulations deviate from the contraception methods listed above and require more extensive measures to prevent pregnancy, local regulations apply and will be described in the ICF.
Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.
History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in-situ cervical cancer), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases
History of any porphyria metabolic disorder
History of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dosing, or evidence of such abuse as indicated by the laboratory assays conducted during screening and baseline.
History of hypersensitivity to any of the study treatments or excipients or to drugs of similar chemical classes